Selling of drugs are rampant throughout the world

The worldwide illegal trading of substances regarding the farming, production, distribution and trading of substances subject to drug offenses and violations is a billion dollar business that has been growing. Various agencies are continuously monitoring and researching drug markets throughout numerous countries to attempt to gain a complete understanding of their methods. With updating technology, these procedures may have some success in reducing or eliminating this drug business in many areas.

Levels or categories are set for certain drugs and crimes dealing with drugs to better explain how severe some are when involving the law. Level one or schedule one means the drug has no medicinal value known by the medical community or administration and has a very high potential for abusing the drug. Schedule or level two through five are varying degrees of dangerous to less dangerous with the potential for abuse in lesser amounts. The lower on the scheduling or leveling system, the greater chance the drug is used for medical reasons. When applied to illicit substances, the greater chance penalties are harsher than when the number is lower.

Charges for Drug Trafficking

Often, similar criminal court cases have dissimilar outcomes based on various factors and statutes a person is charged with based on what crimes were committed. It is important that the right crime is charged in order for the prosecution to ensure accurate and specific details and witnesses. If the person has been issued charges for a different crime, this is often enough for him or her to have a dismissal. This would ensure a case is lost, and the person is set free at least temporarily. With enough evidence, witnesses, documentation and details, the prosecution should have enough to try a case that law enforcement provided.

A previous case court in State v. Sanchez provided the acknowledgment that it is of the utmost importance to charge a defendant with the correct and proper charge. This is particularly of concern when dealing with drug trafficking crimes. However, a state’s district court of appeals may reverse the decision the trial court issued due to various interpretations of laws. The more details provided, and the more specific charges are, the more likely the appeal becomes more difficult.

Drug Trafficking and Prescription Drugs

Drug trafficking charges may extend beyond the various cartels and drug businesses to ordinary citizens or professionals. A medical practitioner such as a nurse or physician may choose to sell prescription drugs with or without the proper prescription. The selling of such drugs as painkillers, anti-depressants and similar substances has been an issue. One case found a nurse selling drugs such as OxyContin for extra money. She has been selling these medical pills with bad prescriptions or with a prescription that was not valid.

When the case went to trial, there were some issues with the charges filed by legal representatives and law enforcement. Some sections of law had no stipulations about medical professionals and drug trafficking. The specific guidelines dealing with these crimes provided penalties with a range of up to first-degree felonies and corresponding punishments when a conviction occurs. However, another statute did provide for medical practitioners that intentionally write and sell prescriptions that are not valid. These crimes are considered third-degree felonies. However, in this particular case, the nurse was subject to the first-degree felony because she is not a physician. This meant she was not exempt from that exact charge and law based on her specific case. The judge agreed she should have been charged as a medical professional due to her career, and the charges were dropped.

Drug Trafficking as Status I

No matter who is charged with drug trafficking, Status I has more severe outcomes with conviction than other status levels. These are often charged based on what and how much of the drugs are trafficked to different areas. Penalties are often at the third through first-degree felony level with all equivalent punishments that usually include jail or prison terms, fines, programs for rehabilitation when addiction is involved and similar consequences.

Laws have become harsh when expensive vehicles are stolen by alleged thieves

The world has evolved from small town justice to recordings in every room, phone and building. Even some lights and buildings have outside cameras that record every second of every interaction of the day, making it more difficult to pull off crimes of this nature. As technology progresses into the next age, these crimes may become obsolete.

Grand theft auto is usually considered a felony and deemed as this crime when more than $500 to $1,000 is stolen. In the case of vehicles, this would usually be charged even if the person does not keep the car. In typical cases of conviction, a person may be punished up to one or more years in prison. Even with this specific stipulation of dollar amounts in some states, others have the same law in regards to all auto thefts. Additionally, some states charge the alleged perpetrator with other crimes such as Unlawful Taking or Driving of a Vehicle and other similar criminal acts.

Differences between Grand Theft and Simple Theft

Typical simple theft is usually considered the taking or using of someone else’s property or belongings without permission or consent. This is also known as larceny which usually involves items of a lesser or minor amount of worth. The same concept is applied when charging a person with grand theft auto, but in these instances, the object of theft is an automobile. While many states have deemed the stealing of any vehicle as grand theft auto, those states with a dollar amount stipulated in the law distinguish simple and grand theft. When the amount of the stolen car exceeds the simple theft crime, the charges are often elevated from misdemeanor to felony. Simple fines often become greater with fewer days in jail transforming into potential years in prison.

Contrast of Joyriding to Grand Theft Auto

Many states have law enforcement issue the charge of joyriding when a person takes someone’s vehicle with the sole intention of just driving it for a short time. The idea behind this crime is the thrill of the ride. It could be due to the fast car, the type of car, the crime being committed or multiple emotional outlets. Some states have different definitions for joyriding just as they do for grand theft auto. Joyriding differs from the grand theft auto charge in that it is for a temporary amount of time with the intention of either taking the vehicle back or leaving it where it could be found. The other charge is issued when the person takes the car with the intention of depriving the owner permanently, no matter in what fashion this may be. Some instances of joyriding are considered misdemeanors with certain factors elevating the charges to a felony. Grand theft auto, on the other hand, is almost always tried as a felony in the United States.

Additional Crimes with Auto Theft

There are many other crimes that may be committed in conjunction with the theft of a person’s vehicle. It is often when a criminal uses someone’s identity through the criminal act of identity theft that he or she may, in essence, steal things from this person through credit or other means. Some of these acts may include the theft of a new or used vehicle. In these circumstances, the person that perpetrates these crimes has the intention of keeping the stolen goods. This may cause the owner of the identity to accrue bad credit, or he or she may find a credit collection service hounding him or her. In most cases involving this issue, law enforcement and legal assistance are needed to adjust what the theft of identity did to this person.

While numerous acts of auto theft occur when the person is not with or in the vehicle stolen, some crimes arise through robbery. This involves the person being intimidated through the use of force, violence or a weapon. The perpetrator takes the object he or she wants and leaves the scene in most instances. The added use of violence may cause additional charges if law enforcement is able to apprehend him or her. Because the owner is present in these situations, the potential for injury or death is greater than if violent acts were absent from the crime. With corroborating witness testimony, the person accused of the crime may find it harder to get away with it.

Allegations of Child Abuse

However, there are usually signs that may be detected if the person knows what to look for. It is imperative to pay attention to these signs to avoid the abuse from continuing. These warning signs are observed in the behavior a child exhibits during daily activities or interactions with people.

Though many instances of child abuse stick only with the physical or emotional acts, some cases include the sexual aspect. Many of the symptoms demonstrate that there is a problem are present. However, when the child is sexually abused, there tends to be more extreme behaviors that surface. Many children block these memories when they are particularly young or the violence is extreme to them. Unfortunately, silence from the child is often one of the symptoms that there is something wrong. It is extremely important to listen to these children when they attempt to tell another of the acts they’ve suffered through.

Possible Signs of Abuse

Various warning signs may be monitored when the child has gone through a traumatic event. These could include many different behaviors depending upon a myriad of factors. The young person may have issues walking, sitting, laying down or similar daily exercises. These may be especially difficult if there are bruises or lacerations in these areas. These children tend to refuse or avoid participation in physical activities in general or when other children are present. Sudden appetite alterations or changes may be observed. Specific to sexual abuse, a youth may exhibit strange, sophisticated or uncommon behaviors or knowledge of sexual goings-on. In rare instances, a child sexually abused may contract a sexually transmitted disease or become pregnant when she may appear too young or has never been exposed to sexual acts. Some abused children run away from home for numerous reasons. Some very uncommon incidents include situations where a child may report sexual abuse from his or her parent or guardian when nothing actually occurred.

Signs to Identify an Abuser

It is not only important to pay close attention to children and listen to what they say, but it is vital to ensure the person taking care of these children is monitored in the same ways. Some adults that care for others have ulterior motives. An abuser may have grown an unusual attachment to the youth. This may lead to limitations of interactions this young person is permitted while with this person. The adult may be viewed as secretive or isolated from others. He or she may become jealous or try to control members of the child’s family. There may be some signs the adult was neglected at some point or for long periods.